We analyze why and how numerous, diverse actors build institutions for the collective governance of transnational commons, where no overarching authority can induce collaboration. In contrast to conventional economic models of commons, we argue that commons are socially constructed. Building institutions to govern transnational commons requires institutional entrepreneurs to deploy various mobilization strategies that mitigate restraining forces and overcome institutional stasis in such fields. If so, collective governance can avert the "tragedy of the commons.".

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Keywords Collective action, Institution building, Transnational fields
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.5465/ambpp.2009.44244347, hdl.handle.net/1765/128950
Conference 69th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2009
Ansari, S.M, Wijen, F.H, & Gray, B. (2009). Averting the "tragedy of the commons": An institutional perspective on the construction and governance of transnational commons. In Academy of Management 2009 Annual Meeting: Green Management Matters, AOM 2009. doi:10.5465/ambpp.2009.44244347