Objective: To discriminate among degrees of auditory performance of the Digits-in-Noise (DIN) test. Design: We performed Pearson’s correlations and age- and sex-adjusted linear regression models to examine the correlation between pure-tone average (PTA) from pure-tone audiometric tests and speech recognition thresholds (SRT) from the DIN test. Then, optimal SRT cut-points by PTA-defined hearing status (0–25 dB HL [normal], 26–40 dB HL [mild hearing loss], 41–50 dB HL [moderate hearing loss]) were compared across three methods: Youden, Nearest, and Liu. SRT-defined categories of auditory performance were compared to PTA-defined hearing categories to examine the convergence of similar categories. Study Sample: 3422 Rotterdam Study participants aged 51–98 years between 2011 and 2014 Results: The correlation between SRT and PTA was 0.65 (95% Confidence Interval: 0.63, 0.67) in the overall sample. The variability of SRT explained by PTA after age and sex adjustment was 54%. Optimal cut-points for the overall sample across the three methods were: ≤ −5.55 dB SNR (normal); > −5.55 to ≤ −3.80 dB SNR (insufficient performance); > −3.80 dB SNR (poor performance). When comparing the SRT- or PTA-defined categories, 59.8% had concordant hearing categories and 40.2% had discordant hearing categories. Conclusions: Discrimination of degrees of auditory performance may add greater utility of the DIN test.

Additional Metadata
Keywords hearing loss, older adults, pure-tone audiometry, Signal-to-noise ratio, speech reception thresholds
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2020.1787531, hdl.handle.net/1765/128999
Journal International Journal of Audiology
Citation
Armstrong, N.M. (Nicole M.), Oosterloo, B.C. (Berthe C.), Croll, P.H, Ikram, M.A, & Goedegebure, A. (2020). Discrimination of degrees of auditory performance from the digits-in-noise test based on hearing status. International Journal of Audiology, 1–8. doi:10.1080/14992027.2020.1787531