Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using three dimensional-quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) based fractional flow reserve (FFR) (vessel fractional flow reserve [vFFR], CAAS8.1, Pie Medical Imaging) and to correlate vFFR values with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) for the evaluation of intermediate left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis. Background: 3D-QCA derived FFR indices have been recently developed for less invasive functional lesion assessment. However, LMCA lesions were vastly under-represented in first validation studies. Methods: This observational single-center cohort study enrolled consecutive patients with stable angina, unstable angina, or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and nonostial, intermediate grade LMCA stenoses who underwent IVUS evaluation. vFFR was computed based on two angiograms with optimal LMCA stenosis projection and correlated with IVUS-derived minimal lumen area (MLA). Results: A total of 256 patients with intermediate grade LMCA stenosis evaluated with IVUS were screened for eligibility; 147 patients met the clinical inclusion criteria and had a complete IVUS LMCA footage available, of them, 63 patients (63 lesions) underwent 3D-QCA and vFFR analyses. The main reason for screening failure was insufficient quality of the angiogram (51 patients,60.7%). Mean age was 65 ± 11 years, 75% were male. Overall, mean MLA within LMCA was 8.77 ± 3.17 mm2, while mean vFFR was 0.87 ± 0.09. A correlation was observed between vFFR and LMCA MLA (r =.792, p =.001). The diagnostic accuracy of vFFR ≤0.8 in identifying lesions with MLA < 6.0 mm2 (sensitivity 98%, specificity 71.4%, area under the curve (AUC) 0.95, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.89–1.00, p =.001) was good. Conclusions: In patients with good quality angiographic visualization of LMCA and available complete LMCA IVUS footage, 3D-QCA based vFFR assessment of LMCA disease correlates well to LMCA MLA as assessed by IVUS.

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Keywords 3D-QCA-based FFR, angiography-based FFR, intravascular ultrasound, left main disease, multimodality diagnostics, vessel fractional flow reserve
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.29151, hdl.handle.net/1765/129258
Journal Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Tomaniak, M. (Mariusz), Masdjedi, K, Van Zandvoort, L, Neleman, T. (Tara), Tovar Forero, M.N. (Maria N), Vermaire, A. (Alise), … Daemen, J. (2020). Correlation between 3D-QCA based FFR and quantitative lumen assessment by IVUS for left main coronary artery stenoses. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions. doi:10.1002/ccd.29151