Climate change has been one of the major threats in the recent decades. It is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather pattern over long periods of time and one of the greatest environmental, social and economic threats. According to the IPCC, Sundarbans, a dynamic delta is mostly affected and is vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters. Sundarbans delta is the largest single block of tidal mangrove forest in the world and UNESCO world heritage site covering two third parts in Bangladesh and one third part in India. This paper discusses the climate change adaptation with disaster resilience issues in the Sundarbans (India). The coastal communities of Sundarbans are adapting to different issues such as sea level rise, cyclone, storm surges, coastal erosion, salt water intrusion etc. These extreme events are the great challenges to people living on this delta. In the Sundarbans delta, the above chall1enges have affected the physical, human, financial, social and natural capital. Not only these but also agriculture, fishing, forestry, tourism, infrastructure, trading and health are under risk of insecurities due to climate change and natural disaster. The present paper examines the critical issues and challenges of Sundarban’s environment and its communities with respect to impact of climate change and disasters in view of disaster resilience and climate change adaptation.

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Disaster and Development
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

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