Aim: To investigate the relationship between the diabetes-specific dementia risk score (DSDRS) and concurrent and future cognitive impairment (CI) in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods: DSDRS were calculated for participants with T2D aged ≥60 years from the CARMELINA-cognition substudy ( Identifier: NCT 01243424). Cognitive assessment included Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a composite attention and executive functioning score (A&E). The relation between baseline DSDRS and probability of CI (MMSE < 24) and variation in cognitive performance was assessed at baseline (n = 2241) and after 2.5 years follow-up in patients without baseline CI (n = 1312). Results: Higher DSDRS was associated with a higher probability of CI at baseline (OR = 1.17 per point, 95% CI 1.12–1.22) and follow-up (OR = 1.24 per point, 95% CI 1.14–1.35). Moreover, in patients without baseline CI, higher DSDRS was also associated with lower baseline cognitive performance (MMSE: F(1, 1930) = 47.07, p <.0001, R2 = 0.02); A&E z-score: (F(1, 1871) = 33.44 p <.0001, R2 = 0.02) and faster cognitive decline at follow-up (MMSE: F(3, 1279) = 38.41, p <.0001; A&E z-score: F(3, 1206) = 148.48, p <.0001). Conclusions: The DSDRS identifies patients with T2D at risk of concurrent as well as future CI. The DSDRS may thus be a supportive tool in screening strategies for cognitive dysfunction in patients with T2D.

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Keywords Cognitive impairment, Dementia, Diabetes-specific dementia risk score, Type 2 diabetes
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Journal Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Verhagen, C. (Chloë), Janssen, J. (Jolien), Exalto, L.G. (Lieza G.), van den Berg, E, Johansen, O.E. (Odd Erik), & Biessels, G.J. (2020). Diabetes-specific dementia risk score (DSDRS) predicts cognitive performance in patients with type 2 diabetes at high cardio-renal risk. Journal of Diabetes and its Complications. doi:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107674