An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in children is a devastating injury. After an ACL injury 1 in 3 children obtain a second injury of the ipsilateral or contralateral ACL. Children who suffer an ACL injury also have a ten times higher risk of osteoarthritis. Preventative training programmes can decrease the risk of acute knee injuries in young sportspeople; however, implementation of these prevention programmes is challenging, so it is important to inform associations, clubs, youth trainers and parents about the added value of these programmes. Children with ACL injuries must receive specialized guidance during rehabilitation, regardless of whether they have been treated conservatively or surgically. Because of the risk of a second ACL injury,we recommend that children should not to return to pivoting sports until at least 12 months after surgery for ACL.