Improvements in spatial and temporal resolution now permit robust high quality characterization of presence, morphology and composition of coronary atherosclerosis in computed tomography (CT). These characteristics include high risk features such as large plaque volume, low CT attenuation, napkin-ring sign, spotty calcification and positive remodeling. Because of the high image quality, principles of patient-specific computational fluid dynamics modeling of blood flow through the coronary arteries can now be applied to CT and allow the calculation of local lesion-specific hemodynamics such as endothelial shear stress, fractional flow reserve and axial plaque stress. This review examines recent advances in coronary CT image-based computational modeling and discusses the opportunity to identify lesions at risk for rupture much earlier than today through the combination of anatomic and hemodynamic information.

Computational fluid dynamics, Coronary computed tomography angiography, Endothelial shear stress, Pathophysiology, Patient-specific modeling, Plaque burden,
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Department of Cardiology

Eslami, P. (Parastou), Thondapu, V, Karady, J. (Julia), Hartman, E.M.J, Jin, Z. (Zexi), Albaghdadi, M. (Mazen), … Hoffmann, U. (2020). Physiology and coronary artery disease: emerging insights from computed tomography imaging based computational modeling. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging. doi:10.1007/s10554-020-01954-x