Sustainable transport typically requires a broad spectrum of policy measures, with responsibilities shared by different authorities and with various public values competed with each other, such as commuting, health, spatial quality, and economic development. Designing and implementing integrated policy packages, with consideration for the interdependencies between measures and actors is a promising approach and thus an interesting research topic. A large part of the literature on transport policy looks at separate measures and their effects. These measures in reality always work in constellation with other measures and understanding their dependencies in a way to create synergies through packaging has been the topic of theoretical discussions. However, empirical research on policy packaging is sorely lacking. In this paper, we examine the implementation process of packaging of TM measures from the perspective of actors and their distinct roles and interactions. The data is collected by document analysis and interviews with officers in a Chinese city. Several major problems threatening the implementation of policy packaging are detected, including overlooking implementation at district-level, resource competition between measures, and the absence of integrative supervision. It provides a first answer to the discrepancy occurring in the promise of real-world crafting of well-integrated policies for sustainable mobility.

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Keywords China, Infrastructure planning, Integrated transport policy, Multi-level governance, Policy packaging, Transport demand management
JEL Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government (jel H11), Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects (jel H73), Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism (jel H77), Transportation: Demand; Supply; Congestion; Safety and Accidents (jel R41), Government and Private Investment Analysis (jel R42), Regional Development Policy (jel R58)
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Journal Research in Transportation Economics
Yang, W. (Wei), Veeneman, W.W, de Jong, M. (Martin), & Song, Y. (Yun). (2020). Integrated transport management: Lessons from a Chinese city. Research in Transportation Economics. doi:10.1016/j.retrec.2020.100918