OBJECTIVES: To examine the mediating role of unhealthy behaviors and body mass index (BMI) in the relation between high physical workload and self-rated health in male construction workers. METHODS: Longitudinal data over 2010 to 2018 were used of 30,224 male construction workers in The Netherlands. Smoking, lack of physical activity, and alcohol consumption were self-reported. BMI was based on measured body weight and height. Multilevel modeling path analyses were used to determine the mediating role of unhealthy behaviors in the relation between physical workload and poor health. RESULTS: A direct effect of high physical workload on poor health adjusted for unhealthy behaviors and BMI was found (odds ratio [OR] 1.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.38 to 1.68). Indirect effects of the unhealthy behaviors and BMI in the relation between high physical workload and poor health were small (OR varying from 0.96 to 1.04). CONCLUSION: The pathway of high physical workload and poor health through unhealthy behaviors and BMI was not supported.

health inequalities, lifestyle factors, low socioeconomic status, overweight, path analysis, working conditions
dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001928, hdl.handle.net/1765/129550
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Proper, K.I, Cillekens, B. (Bart), Twisk, J.W.R, Coenen, P, Robroek, S.J.W, & van Oostrom, S.H. (Sandra H.). (2020). The Mediating Effect of Unhealthy Behaviors and Body Mass Index in the Relation Between High Physical Workload and Self-Rated Poor Health in Male Construction Workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 62(8), e414–e422. doi:10.1097/JOM.0000000000001928