Background: Antiplatelet therapy may increase the risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage after endovascular treatment for ischemic stroke but may also have a beneficial effect on functional outcome. The aim of this study is to compare safety and efficacy outcomes after endovascular treatment in patients with and without prior antiplatelet therapy. Methods: We analyzed patients registered in the MR CLEAN Registry between March 2014 and November 2017, for whom data on antiplatelet therapy were available. We used propensity score nearest-neighbor matching with replacement to balance the probability of receiving prior antiplatelet therapy between the prior antiplatelet therapy and no prior antiplatelet therapy group and adjusted for baseline prognostic factors to compare these groups. Primary outcome was symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Secondary outcomes were 90-day functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale), successful reperfusion (extended thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score ≥2B) and 90-day mortality. Results: Thirty percent (n = 937) of the 3154 patients were on prior antiplatelet therapy, who were matched to 477 patients not on prior antiplatelet therapy. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 74/937 (7.9%) patients on prior antiplatelet therapy and in 27/477 (5.6%) patients without prior antiplatelet therapy adjusted odds ratio 1.47, 95% confidence interval 0.86–2.49. No associations were found between prior antiplatelet therapy and functional outcome (adjusted common odds ratio 0.87, 95% confidence interval 0.65–1.16), successful reperfusion (adjusted odds ratio 1.23, 95% confidence interval 0.77–1.97), or 90-day mortality (adjusted odds ratio 1.15, 95% confidence interval 0.86–1.54). Conclusion: We found no evidence of an association of prior antiplatelet therapy with the risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage after endovascular treatment, nor on functional outcome, reperfusion, or mortality. A substantial beneficial or detrimental effect of antiplatelet therapy on clinical outcome cannot be excluded. A randomized clinical trial comparing antiplatelet therapy versus no antiplatelet therapy is needed.

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International Journal of Stroke
Department of Neurology

van de Graaf, R.A, Zinkstok, S.M. (Sanne M), Chalos, V. (Vicky), Goldhoorn, R.-J.B. (Robert-Jan B), Majoie, C.B, van Oostenbrugge, R.J, … Roozenbeek, B. (2020). Prior antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke: Results from the MR CLEAN Registry. International Journal of Stroke. doi:10.1177/1747493020946975