Background: Prehospital perimortem caesarean delivery (PCD) is a rarely performed procedure. In this study, we aimed to examine all PCDs performed by the four Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in the Netherlands; to describe the procedures, outcomes, complications, and compliance with the recommended guidelines; and to formulate recommendations. Methods: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort study of all consecutive maternal out-of-hospital cardiac arrests that underwent PCD in the prehospital setting between May 1995 and December 2019. Registered data included patient demographics, operator background, advanced life support interventions, and timelines. Resuscitation performance was evaluated according to the 2015 European Resuscitation Guidelines. Results: Seven patients underwent a prehospital PCD. Three mothers died on the scene, while four were transported to a hospital but died in the hospital. Seven neonates were born by PCD. One neonate died on the scene and six were transported to a hospital. Three neonates were eventually discharged from the hospital. Among the three surviving neonates, the periods from dispatch to start of PCD were 13, 14, and 21 min. Conclusions: There was a low incidence of maternal perimortem caesarean deliveries in The Netherlands. Only some neonates survived after PCD. It is recommended that PCD be performed as quickly as possible. Due to the delay, the mother has a far lower chance of survival than the neonate. In fatal cases, autopsy is strongly recommended.

Helicopter emergency medical service, Maternal arrest, Perimortem caesarean delivery, Prehospital, Resuscitative hysterotomy,
Surgery and Traumatology

Moors, X.R.J, Biesheuvel, T.H, Cornette, J.M.J, van Vledder, M.G, Veen, A, de Quelerij, M, … Duvekot, J.J. (2020). Analysis of prehospital perimortem caesarean deliveries performed by Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in the Netherlands and recommendations for the future. Resuscitation, 155, 112–118. doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.07.023