BACKGROUND: Studies have reported benefit of oral therapy with the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, trapidil, in reducing restenosis after coronary angioplasty. Coronary stenting is associated with improved late outcome compared with balloon angioplasty, but significant neointimal hyperplasia still occurs in a considerable proportion of patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of trapidil 200 mg in preventing in-stent restenosis. METHODS: Patients with a single native coronary lesion requiring revascularization were randomized to placebo or trapidil at least 1 h before, and continuing for 6 months after, successful implantation of a coronary Wallstent. The primary end-point was in-stent neointimal volume measured by three-dimensional reconstruction of intravascular ultrasound images recorded at the 6 month follow-up catheterization. RESULTS: Of 312 patients randomized at 21 centres in nine countries, 303 (148 trapidil, 155 placebo) underwent successful Wallstent implantation, and 139 patients (90%) in the placebo group and 130 (88%) in the trapidil group had repeat catheterization at 26+/-2 weeks. There was no significant difference between trapidil and placebo-treated patients regarding in-stent neointimal volume (108.6+/- 95.6 mm(3)vs 93.3+/-79.1 mm(3);P=0.16) or % obstruction volume (38+/-18% vs 36+/-21%;P=0.32), in angiographic minimal luminal diameter at follow-up (1.63+/-0.61 mm vs 1.74+/-0.69 mm;P=0.17), restenosis rate (31% vs 24%;P=0.24), cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac events at 7 months (22% vs 20%;P=0.71) or anginal complaints (30% vs 24%;P=0.29). CONCLUSION: Oral trapidil 600 mg daily for 6 months did not reduce in-stent hyperplasia or improve clinical outcome after successful Wallstent implantation and is not indicated for this purpose.

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doi.org/10.1053/euhj.2001.2627, hdl.handle.net/1765/12994
European Heart Journal
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Serruys, P.W.J.C, Foley, D.P, Pieper, M, Kleijne, J.A, & de Feyter, P.J. (2001). The TRAPIST Study. A multicentre randomized placebo controlled clinical trial of trapidil for prevention of restenosis after coronary stenting, measured by 3-D intravascular ultrasound. European Heart Journal, 22(20), 1938–1947. doi:10.1053/euhj.2001.2627