Quality of life and psychosocial outcomes in children with severe acute asthma and their parents
Objectives: To prospectively evaluate quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial outcomes in children with severe acute asthma (SAA) after pediatric intensive care (PICU) admission compared to children with SAA who were admitted to a general ward (GW). In addition, we assessed posttraumatic stress (PTS) and asthma-related QoL in the parents. Methods: A preplanned follow-up of 3 to 9 months of our nationwide prospective multicenter study, in which children with SAA admitted to a Dutch PICU (n = 110) or GW (n = 111) were enrolled between 2016 and 2018. Asthma-related QoL, PTS symptoms, emotional and behavioral problems, and social impact in children and/or parents were assessed with validated web-based questionnaires. Results: We included 100 children after PICU and 103 after GW admission, with a response rate of 50% for the questionnaires. Median time to follow-up was 5 months (range: 1-12 months). Time to reach full schooldays after admission was significantly longer in the PICU group (mean of 10 vs 4 days, P =.001). Parents in the PICU group reported more PTS symptoms (intrusion P =.01, avoidance P =.01, arousal P =.02) compared to the GW group. Conclusion: No significant differences were found between PICU and GW children on self-reported outcome domains, except for the time to reach full schooldays. PICU parents reported PTS symptoms more often than the GW group. Therefore, monitoring asthma symptoms and psychosocial screening of children and parents after PICU admission should both be part of standard care after SAA. This should identify those who are at risk for developing PTSD, to timely provide appropriate interventions.
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Boeschoten, S.A. (Shelley A.), Dulfer, K, Boehmer, A.L.M, Merkus, P.J.F.M, van Rosmalen, J.M, de Jongste, J.C, … Buysse, C.M.P. (2020). Quality of life and psychosocial outcomes in children with severe acute asthma and their parents. Pediatric Pulmonology. doi:10.1002/ppul.25034