In this position paper, we provide a collection of views on the role of AI in the COVID-19 pandemic, from clinical requirements to the design of AI-based systems, to the translation of the developed tools to the clinic. We highlight key factors in designing system solutions - per specific task; as well as design issues in managing the disease at the national level. We focus on three specific use-cases for which AI systems can be built: early disease detection, management in a hospital setting, and building patient-specific predictive models that require the combination of imaging with additional clinical data. Infrastructure considerations and population modeling in two European countries will be described. This pandemic has made the practical and scientific challenges of making AI solutions very explicit. A discussion concludes this paper, with a list of challenges facing the community in the AI road ahead.

Additional Metadata
Keywords AI, COVID-19, Imaging
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.media.2020.101800, hdl.handle.net/1765/130048
Journal Medical Image Analysis
Citation
Greenspan, H. (Hayit), San José Estépar, R. (Raúl), Niessen, W.J, Siegel, E. (Eliot), & Nielsen, M. (2020). Position paper on COVID-19 imaging and AI: From the clinical needs and technological challenges to initial AI solutions at the lab and national level towards a new era for AI in healthcare. Medical Image Analysis, 66. doi:10.1016/j.media.2020.101800