Response to GH Treatment After Radiation Therapy Depends on Location of Irradiation
OBJECTIVES: Cancer survivors with GH deficiency (GHD) receive GH therapy (GHT) after 1+ year observation to ensure stable tumor status/resolution. HYPOTHESIS: Radiation therapy (RT) to brain, spine, or extremities alters growth response to GHT. AIM: Identify differences in growth response to GHT according to type/location of RT. METHODS: The Pfizer International Growth Database was searched for cancer survivors on GHT for ≥5 years. Patient data, grouped by tumor type, were analyzed for therapy (surgery, chemotherapy, RT of the focal central nervous system, cranial, craniospinal, or total body irradiation [TBI] as part of bone marrow transplantation), sex, peak stimulated GH, age at GHT start, and duration from RT to GHT start. Kruskal-Wallis test and quantile regression modeling were performed. RESULTS: Of 1149 GHD survivors on GHT for ≥5 years (male 733; median age 8.4 years; GH peak 2.8 ng/mL), 431 had craniopharyngioma (251, cranial RT), 224 medulloblastoma (craniospinal RT), 134 leukemia (72 TBI), and 360 other tumors. Median age differed by tumor group (P < 0.001). Five-year delta height SD score (SDS) (5-year ∆HtSDS; median [10th-90th percentile]) was greatest for craniopharyngioma, 1.6 (0.3-3.0); for medulloblastoma, 5-year ∆HtSDS 0.9 (0.0-1.9); for leukemia 5-year ∆HtSDS, after TBI (0.3, 0-0.7) versus without RT (0.5, 0-0.9), direct comparison P < 0.001. Adverse events included 40 treatment-related, but none unexpected. CONCLUSIONS: TBI for leukemia had significant impact on growth response to GHT. Medulloblastoma survivors had intermediate GHT response, whereas craniopharyngioma cranial RT did not alter GHT response. Both craniospinal and epiphyseal irradiation negatively affect growth response to GH therapy compared with only cranial RT or no RT.
|Keywords||cancer survivors, dose response, growth hormone deficiency, growth hormone therapy, pediatric, radiation therapy|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa478, hdl.handle.net/1765/130153|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
Rose, S.R. (Susan R.), Carlsson, M. (Martin), Grimberg, A, Aydin, F. (Ferah), Albanese, A. (Assunta), Hokken-Koelega, A.C.S, & Camacho-Hübner, C. (2020). Response to GH Treatment After Radiation Therapy Depends on Location of Irradiation. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 105(10). doi:10.1210/clinem/dgaa478