BACKGROUND: Pompe disease is a rare, progressive metabolic myopathy. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations of physical outcomes with patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in late-onset Pompe disease. METHODS: We included 121 Dutch adult patients with Pompe disease. Physical outcomes comprised muscle strength (manual muscle testing using Medical Research Council [MRC] grading, hand-held dynamometry [HHD]), walking ability (6-min walk test [6MWT]), and pulmonary function (forced vital capacity [FVC] in upright and supine positions). PROMs comprised quality of life (Short Form 36 health survey [SF-36]), participation (Rotterdam Handicap Scale [RHS]) and daily-life activities (Rasch-Built Pompe-Specific Activity [R-PAct] Scale). Analyses were cross-sectional: the time-point before, and closest to, start of Enzyme Replacement Therapy was chosen. Associations between PROMs and physical outcomes were investigated using linear regression models. RESULTS: RHS and R-PAct scores were better in patients with higher FVC supine and upright, HHD, MRC and 6MWT scores, accounting for the effect of sex, disease duration, use of wheelchair and ventilator support. While the SF-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) was correlated positively with FVC upright, HHD, MRC and 6MWT scores, there was no significant relationship between the SF-36 Mental Component Summary (MCS) and any of the physical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Participation, daily-life activities, and the physical component of quality of life of adult Pompe patients are positively correlated to physical outcomes. This work serves as a first step towards assessing how changes over time in physical outcomes are related to changes in PROMs, and to define the minimal change in physical outcomes required to make an important difference for the patient.

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Keywords 6-min walk test, Forced vital capacity, Late-onset Pompe disease, Muscle strength, Patient-reported outcome measures
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Journal Orphanet journal of rare diseases
Yuan, M. (Meng), Andrinopoulou, E-R, Kruijshaar, M.E, Lika, A. (Aglina), Harlaar, L, van der Ploeg, A.T, … van der Beek, N.A.M.E. (2020). Positive association between physical outcomes and patient-reported outcomes in late-onset Pompe disease: a cross sectional study. Orphanet journal of rare diseases, 15(1). doi:10.1186/s13023-020-01469-7