BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prevalence of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) in the adult population is ≈3%. Rupture of an intracranial aneurysm can have devastating consequences, which emphasizes the importance of identification of potentially modifiable determinants for the presence and size of UIAs. Our aim was to study the association of a broad spectrum of potential determinants with the presence and size of UIAs in a general adult population. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2015, 5841 participants from the population-based Rotterdam Study (mean age, 64.4 years, 45.0% male) underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (1.5T). These scans were evaluated for the presence of incidental UIAs. We determined number and volume of the UIAs. Using logistic and linear regression models, we assessed the association of cardiovascular, lifestyle and emerging inflammatory and hormonal determinants with the presence and volume of UIAs. RESULTS: In 134 (2.3%) participants, ≥1 UIAs were detected (149 UIAs in total), with a median volume of 61.1 mm3 (interquartile range, 33.2–134.0). In multivariable models, female sex (odds ratio, 1.92 [95% CI, 1.33–2.84]), hypertension (odds ratio, 1.73 [95% CI, 1.13–2.68]), and current smoking (odds ratio, 3.75 [95% CI, 2.27–6.33]) were associated with the presence of UIAs. We found no association of alcohol use, physical activity, or diet quality with UIA presence. Finally, we found white blood cell count to relate to larger aneurysm volume (difference in volume of 33.6 mm3 per 109/L increase in white blood cell [95% CI, 3.92–63.5]). CONCLUSIONS: In this population-based study, female sex, hypertension, and smoking, but no other lifestyle determinants, were associated with the presence of UIAs. White blood cell count is associated with size of UIAs. Preventive strategies should focus on treating hypertension and promoting cessation of smoking.

female ◼ inflammation ◼ intracranial aneurysm ◼ lifestyle ◼ subarachnoid hemorrhage,
Department of Radiology

Cras, T.Y., Bos, D, Ikram, M.A, Vergouwen, M.D.I., Dippel, D.W.J, Voortman, R.G, … Roozenbeek, B. (2020). Determinants of the Presence and Size of Intracranial Aneurysms in the General Population The Rotterdam Study. Stroke, 51(7), 2103–2110. doi:10.1161/strokeaha.120.029296