Assessment of sublingual microcirculation in critically ill patients: consensus and debate
ANNALS OF TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE , Volume 8 - Issue 12
The main concern in shock and resuscitation is whether the microcirculation can carry adequate oxygen to the tissues and remove waste. Identification of an intact coherence between macroand microcirculation during states of shock and resuscitation shows a functioning regulatory mechanism. However, loss of hemodynamic coherence between the macro and microcirculation can be encountered frequently in sepsis, cardiogenic shock, or any hemodynamically compromised patient. This loss of hemodynamic coherence results in an improvement in macrohemodynamic parameters following resuscitation without a parallel improvement in microcirculation resulting in tissue hypoxia and tissue compromise. Hand-held vital microscopes (HVMs) can visualize the microcirculation and help to diagnose the nature of microcirculatory shock. Although treatment with the sole aim of recruiting the microcirculation is as yet not realized, interventions can be tailored to the needs of the patient while monitoring sublingual microcirculation. With the help of the newly introduced software, called MicroTools, we believe sublingual microcirculation monitoring and diagnosis will be an essential point-of-care tool in managing shock patients.
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Dilken, O., Ergin, B, & Ince, C. (2020). Assessment of sublingual microcirculation in critically ill patients: consensus and debate. ANNALS OF TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE, 8(12). doi:10.21037/atm.2020.03.222