Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the acute performance of the 95 µm ArterioSorb oriented poly L-lactic acid (PLLA) scaffold in comparison with the XIENCE metallic drug-eluting stent (DES) in porcine coronary arteries.

Methods and results: In 15 non-atherosclerotic Yucatan mini pigs, the ArterioSorb (3.0/14 mm) and XIENCE (3.0/15 mm) were implanted in 25 and 15 vessels, respectively. Acute performance was evaluated by using quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Following three-dimensional reconstruction of the coronary arteries, endothelial shear stress (ESS) was quantified using non-Newtonian steady-flow simulation. Acute recoil measured by QCA was comparable in the two arms. Post-procedural flow and scaffold/stent area by OCT did not differ between the two devices. ESS post procedure was comparable between ArterioSorb and XIENCE (2.21±1.97 vs 2.25±1.71 Pa, p=0.314).

Conclusions: Acute recoil, luminal dimensions and ESS in the ArterioSorb oriented PLLA scaffold with thin struts of 95 µm were comparable to those in the XIENCE metallic DES.,
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Department of Surgery

Katagiri, Y, Torii, K, Takahashi, K, Tenekecioglu, E, Asano, T, Chichareon, P, … Onuma, Y. (2020). Preclinical evaluation of a thin-strut bioresorbable scaffold (ArterioSorb). EuroIntervention, 16(2), E141–E14+. doi:10.4244/eij-d-18-01190