Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AC) represent the major cervical cancer histotypes. Both histotypes are caused by infection with high-risk HPV (hrHPV) and are associated with deregulated microRNA expression. Histotype-dependent expression has been observed for miR-9-5p, showing increased expression in SCC and low expression in AC. Here, we studied the regulation and functionality of miR-9-5p in cervical SCCs and ACs using cervical tissue samples and hrHPV-containing cell lines. Expression and methylation analysis of cervical tissues revealed that low levels of miR-9-5p in ACs are linked to methylation of its precursor genes, particularly miR-9-1. Stratification of tissue samples and hrHPV-containing cell lines suggested that miR-9-5p depends on both histotype and hrHPV type, with higher expression in SCCs and HPV16-positive cells. MiR-9-5p promoted cell viability and anchorage independence in cervical cancer cell lines SiHa (SCC, HPV16) and CaSki (metastasized SCC, HPV16), while it played a tumor suppressive role in HeLa (AC, HPV18). TWIST1, a transcription factor involved in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), was established as a novel miR-9-5p target. Our results show that miR-9-5p plays a dual role in cervical cancer in a histotype- and hrHPV type-dependent manner. MiR-9-5p mediated silencing of TWIST1 suggests two distinct mechanisms towards EMT in cervical cancer.

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Keywords cervical cancer, HPV, methylation, miR-9-5p, TWIST1
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.3390/cells9010065, hdl.handle.net/1765/130303
Journal Cells
Citation
Babion, I. (Iris), Jaspers, A. (Annelieke), van Splunter, A.P, van der Hoorn, I.A.E. (Iris A E), Wilting, S.M, & Steenbergen, R.D.M. (2019). miR-9-5p Exerts a Dual Role in Cervical Cancer and Targets Transcription Factor TWIST1. Cells, 9(1). doi:10.3390/cells9010065