Objectives: We have recently described the first cases of mesothelioma in situ, identified as a pure surface population of mesothelial cells that have lost BAP1 nuclear staining, in the setting of no clinically/radiologically demonstrable mesothelial tumor. These cases have a high propensity to develop invasive mesothelioma. The genetic events that lead to the development of mesothelioma in situ are unknown, nor is it known whether mesothelioma in situ cases carry somatic or germline mutations. Material and methods: Whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed on two cases of mesothelioma in situ (1 pleural, 1 peritoneal) and paired formalin fixed paraffin embedded normal tissue to characterize driver mutations and copy number alterations. Results: The analysis demonstrated somatic alterations in the BAP1 gene only. The pleural mesothelioma in situ showed copy number loss and LOH in the BAP1 locus on chromosome 3. The peritoneal mesothelioma in situ showed both a BAP1 somatic splice site mutation involving intron 5-exon 6 boundary (A126_splice) with an allelic fraction of 10%, and BAP1 copy number loss. No other driver point mutations, indels or somatic DNA copy number alterations reported to occur in invasive mesothelioma, or novel genetic alterations, were identified. Conclusion: Whole exome sequencing confirms that mesothelioma in situ development is associated with BAP1 somatic mutations/deletions, and suggests that BAP1 mutation/deletion represents a very early event in the development of malignant mesothelioma. Whether BAP1 mutation/deletion alone is sufficient to lead to invasive mesothelioma or whether additional genetic alterations are required remains to be determined.

Additional Metadata
Keywords BAP1, Malignant mesothelioma, Mesothelioma in situ, Whole exome sequencing
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2020.09.002, hdl.handle.net/1765/130347
Journal Lung Cancer
Dacic, S, Roy, S. (Somak), Lyons, M.A. (Maureen A.), von der Thusen, J.H, Galateau-Salle, F. (Francoise), & Churg, A. (Andrew). (2020). Whole exome sequencing reveals BAP1 somatic abnormalities in mesothelioma in situ. Lung Cancer, 149, 1–4. doi:10.1016/j.lungcan.2020.09.002