Purpose of review There is ongoing interest in nutritional screening tools in pediatrics to facilitate the identification of children at risk for malnutrition who need further assessment and possible nutritional intervention. The choice for a specific tool depends on various factors. This review aims to provide an overview of recent progress in pediatric nutritional screening methods. Recent findings We present recent studies about newly developed or adjusted tools, the applicability of nutritional screening tools in specific populations, and how to implement screening in the overall process of improving nutritional care in the pediatric hospital setting. Summary Three new screening tools have been developed for use on admission to hospital: two for the mixed pediatric hospitalized population and one for infants. A simple weekly rescreening tool to identify hospital-acquired nutritional deterioration was developed for use in children with prolonged hospital stay. Different from most previous studies that only assessed the relationship between the nutritional risk score and anthropometric parameters of malnutrition, new studies in children with cancer, burns, and biliary atresia show significant associations between high nutritional risk and short-term outcome measures such as increased complication rate and weight loss. For implementation of a nutritional care process incorporating nutritional screening in daily practice, simplicity seems to be of great importance.

Additional Metadata
Keywords child, malnutrition, nutritional assessment, nutritional screening, undernutrition
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1097/mco.0000000000000644, hdl.handle.net/1765/130487
Journal Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Citation
Hulst, J.M, Huysentruyt, K., & Joosten, K.F.M. (2020). Pediatric screening tools for malnutrition: an update. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 23(3), 203–209. doi:10.1097/mco.0000000000000644