The purpose of our study is to provide information on safety and efficacy of ibrutinib as salvage treatment after allo-HSCT for CLL. A total of 56 patients were included, 36 (64%) males; median age at transplantation was 48 years (range: 35–64) and the median number of treatment lines prior to transplantation was 3 (1–10). The median time between allo-HSCT and Ibrutinib was 30 months (range: 1–140). Overall, 40 (71%) patients responded to Ibrutinib; 23 (41%) PR, and 17 (30%) CR. At time of ibrutinib initiation, ten patients had active chronic GVHD that resolved under Ibrutinib, whilst a single patient developed limited de novo chronic GVHD on Ibrutinib. Fourteen patients discontinued ibrutinib, four because of toxicity and ten because of disease progression. Overall, 14 patients progressed (median PFS = 24 months) among them 10 died. Two-year OS and PFS probabilities were 72% (95% CI: 52–84) and 50% (95% CI: 32–66), respectively. Patients with late relapse after allo-HSCT (≥24 months) had a better PFS after ibrutinib. Our study shows that ibrutinib can be safely administered for CLL relapse after allo-HSCT, with comparable efficacy to non-transplanted patients with high-risk disease.

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Journal Bone Marrow Transplantation
Michallet, M, Dreger, P, Sobh, M., Koster, L, van der Hoek, J., Boumendil, A, … Schetelig, J. (2019). Ibrutinib as a salvage therapy after allogeneic HCT for chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 55(5), 884–890. doi:10.1038/s41409-019-0742-7