Exposure to greenspace has been related to improved mental health, but the available evidence is limited and findings are heterogeneous across different areas. We aimed to evaluate the associations between residential exposure to greenspace and specific psychopathological and psychosomatic symptoms related to mental health among mothers from a Spanish birth cohort. Our study was based on data from 1171 women participating in two follow-ups of a population-based cohort in Valencia, Sabadell, and Gipuzkoa (2004–2012). For each participant, residential surrounding greenspace was estimated as the average of the satellite-based Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) across different buffers around the residential address at the time of delivery and at the 4-year follow-up. The Symptom Checklist 90 Revised (SCL-90-R) was applied to characterize mental health at the 4-year follow-up. We developed mixed-effects logistic regression models controlled for relevant covariates to evaluate the associations. Higher residential surrounding greenspace was associated with a lower risk of somatization and anxiety symptoms. For General Severity Index (GSI), obsessive–compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, and psychoticism symptoms, we generally observed protective associations, but none attained statistical significance. Findings from this study suggested a potential positive impactof greenspace on mental health.

Additional Metadata
Keywords nature, mental illness, psychiatric disorder, psychosomatic symptoms, parks
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165670, hdl.handle.net/1765/130605
Journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Citation
Toda, M.T., Riol, A.A., Cirach, M, Estarlich, M, Fernández-Somoano, A, Gonzalez-Safont, L., … Dadvand, P. (2020). Residential Surrounding Greenspace and Mental Health in Three Spanish Areas. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(16). doi:10.3390/ijerph17165670