Aims To further elucidate the nature of the association between N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-TnT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and clinical outcome, we examined the relationship between serial simultaneous measurements of echocardiographic parameters and these biomarkers in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. ................................................................................................................................................................................................... Methods and results In 117 CHF patients with ejection fraction <_50%, NT-proBNP, hs-TnT, and CRP were measured simultaneously with echocardiographic evaluation at 6-month intervals until the end of 30 months follow-up or until an adverse clinical event occurred. Linear mixed effects models were used for data-analysis. Median follow-up was 2.2 years (interquartile range 1.5–2.6). We performed up to six follow-up evaluations with 55% of patients having at least three evaluations performed. A model containing all three biomarkers revealed that doubling of NT-proBNP was associated with a decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction by 1.83 (95% confidence interval -2.63 to -1.03)%, P< 0.0001; relative increase in mitral E/e0 ratio by 12 (6–18)%, P< 0.0001; relative increase in mitral E/A ratio by 16 (9–23)%, P< 0.0001; decrease in tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion by 0.66 (-1.27 to -0.05) mm, P= 0.03; rise in tricuspid regurgitation peak systolic gradient by 2.74 (1.43–4.05) mmHg, P = 0.001; and increase in left ventricular and atrial dimensions, P< 0.05. Hs-TnT and CRP showed significant associations with some echocardiographic parameters after adjustment for clinical covariates, but after adjustment for the other biomarkers the associations were not significant. ................................................................................................................................................................................................... Conclusion Serum NT-proBNP independently reflects changes in echocardiographic parameters of systolic function, left ventricular filling pressures, estimated pulmonary pressure, and chamber dimensions. Our results support further studies on NT-proBNP as a surrogate marker for haemodynamic congestion and herewith support its potential value for therapy guidance.

Additional Metadata
Keywords systolic function • diastolic function • biomarkers • filling pressures • longitudinal model • linear mixed effects
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jez242, hdl.handle.net/1765/130664
Journal European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Citation
Klimczak-Tomaniak, D., van den Berg, V.J., Strachinaru, M, Akkerhuis, K.M, Baart, S, Caliskan, K.C, … Kardys, I. (2020). Longitudinal patterns of N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide, troponin T, and C-reactive protein in relation to the dynamics of echocardiographic parameters in heart failure patients. European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, 21(9), 1005–1012. doi:10.1093/ehjci/jez242