Adjuvant systemic chemotherapy (CTx) is widely administered in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). Histopathological growth patterns (HGPs) are an independent prognostic factor for survival after complete resection. This study evaluates whether HGPs can predict the efectiveness of adjuvant CTx in patients with resected CRLM. Two main types of HGPs can be distinguished; the desmoplastic type and the non-desmoplastic type. Uni- and multivariable analyses for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were performed, in both patients treated with and without preoperative chemotherapy. A total of 1236 patients from two tertiary centers (Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, USA; Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, Rotterdam, The Netherlands) were included (period 2000–2016). A total of 656 patients (53.1%) patients received preoperative chemotherapy. Adjuvant CTx was only associated with a superior OS in non-desmoplastic patients that had not been pretreated (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.52, 95% confdence interval (CI) 0.37–0.73, p<0.001), and not in desmoplastic patients (adjusted HR 1.78, 95% CI 0.75–4.21, p=0.19). In pretreated patients no signifcant efect of adjuvant CTx was observed, neither in the desmoplastic group (adjusted HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.49–1.42, p=0.50) nor in the non-desmoplastic group (adjusted HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.71–1.29, p=0.79). Similar results were found for DFS, with a superior DFS in non-desmoplastic patients treated with adjuvant CTx (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.55–0.93, p<0.001) that were not pretreated. Adjuvant CTx seems to improve OS and DFS after resection of non-desmoplastic CRLM. However, this efect was only observed in patients that were not treated with chemotherapy

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Keywords Colorectal cancer · Colorectal liver metastases · Histopathological growth pattern · Chemotherapy
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Journal Clinical and Experimental Metastasis
Buisman, F.E., van der Stok, E.P, Galjart, B., Vermeulen, P.B, Balachandran, V.P., Coebergh van de Braak, R.R.J., … Verhoef, C. (2020). Histopathological growth patterns as biomarker for adjuvant systemic chemotherapy in patients with resected colorectal liver metastases. Clinical and Experimental Metastasis, 37(5), 593–605. doi:10.1007/s10585-020-10048-w