The use of cryopreserved platelets in a trauma-induced hemorrhage model
Transfusion , Volume 60 - Issue 9 p. 2079- 2089
Background: Cryopreserved platelet products can be stored for years and are mainly used in military settings. Following thawing, cryopreserved platelets are activated, resulting in faster clot formation but reduced aggregation in vitro, rendering their efficacy in bleeding unknown. Also, concerns remain on the safety of these products. The aim was to investigate the efficacy and safety of cryopreserved platelets in a rat model of traumatic hemorrhage. Study Design and Methods: After 1 hour of shock, rats (n = 13/group) were randomized to receive a balanced transfusion pack (1:1:1 red blood cell:plasma: platelet) made from syngeneic rat blood, containing either liquid stored platelets or cryopreserved platelets. Primary outcome was the transfusion volume required to obtain a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 60 mmHg. Secondary outcomes were coagulation as assessed by thromboelastometry (ROTEM®) and organ failure as assessed by biochemistry and histopathology. Results: The transfusion volume to obtain a MAP of 60 mmHg was lower in animals receiving cryopreserved platelets (5.4 [4.1-7.1] mL/kg) compared to those receiving liquid stored platelets (7.5 [6.4-8.5] mL/kg, p < 0.05). ROTEM® clotting times were shorter (45 [41-48] vs. 49 [45-53]sec, p < 0.05), while maximum clot firmness was slightly lower (68 [67-68] vs. 69 [69-71]mm, p < 0.01). Organ failure was similar in both groups. Conclusions: Use of cryopreserved platelets required less transfusion volume to reach a targeted MAP compared to liquid stored platelets, while organ injury was similar. These results provide a rationale for clinical trials with cryopreserved platelets in (traumatic) bleeding.
Kleinveld, D.J.B., Sloos, P.H., Noorman, F., Maas, M.A.W., Kers, J., Rijnhout, T.W.H., … Juffermans, N.P. (2020). The use of cryopreserved platelets in a trauma-induced hemorrhage model. Transfusion, 60(9), 2079–2089. doi:10.1111/trf.15937