Objective. Patellofemoral (PF) alignment and trochlear morphology are associated with PF osteoarthritis (OA) and knee pain, but whether they are associated with localized anterior knee pain is unknown, which is believed to be a symptom specific to PF joint pathology. We therefore aimed to evaluate the relation of PF alignment and morphology, as well as PFOA and tibiofemoral OA, to anterior knee pain. Methods. The Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study is a cohort study of individuals with, or at risk for, knee OA. We evaluated cross-sectional associations of PF alignment, trochlear morphology, and PF and tibiofemoral radiographic OA, with localized anterior knee pain (defined with a pain map). We used 2 approaches: a within-person kneematched evaluation of participants with unilateral anterior knee pain (conditional logistic regression), and a cohort approach comparing those with anterior knee pain to those without (binomial regression). Results. With the within-person knee-matched approach (n = 110; 64% women, mean age 70 years, body mass index [BMI] 30.9), PF alignment, morphology, and tibiofemoral OA were not associated with unilateral anterior knee pain. Radiographic PFOA was associated with pain, odds ratio 5.3 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.6–18.3). Using the cohort approach (n = 1,818; 7% of knees with anterior knee pain, 59% women, mean age 68 years, BMI 30.4), results were similar: only PFOA was associated with pain, with a prevalence ratio of 2.2 (95% CI 1.4–3.4). Conclusion. PF alignment and trochlear morphology were not associated with anterior knee pain in individuals with, or at risk for, knee OA. Radiographic PFOA, however, was associated with pain, suggesting that features of OA, more so than mechanical features, may contribute to localized symptoms.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/acr.24004, hdl.handle.net/1765/130821
Journal Arthritis Care and Research
Citation
Macri, E.M., Neogi, T, Tolstykh, I., Widjajahakim, R., Lewis, CE, Torner, J.C., … Stefanik, J.J. (2020). Relation of Patellofemoral Joint Alignment, Morphology, and Radiographic Osteoarthritis to Frequent Anterior Knee Pain: Data from the Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study. Arthritis Care and Research, 72(8), 1066–1073. doi:10.1002/acr.24004