This paper investigates to what extent a recent perspective in criminology, Situational Action Theory, is valid for both males and females and to what extent elements from the theory explain gender differences in delinquency. Data are used from the first (N = 843) and second (N = 616) wave of the Study of Peers, Activities, and Neighborhoods, which included detailed data about core elements of Situational Action Theory (morality, self-control, unsupervised peer activity and peer deviancy), proposed indirect causes (bonds with parents and school, parental monitoring) and self-reported delinquency. Cross-sectional and lagged Tobit regression analyses show that the core relations with delinquency are not significantly different between boys and girls and that the elements of Situational Action Theory are able to explain gender differences in delinquency for a substantial part. However, there is still a remaining independent effect of gender on current and lagged delinquency.

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Keywords gender differences, gender gap, juvenile delinquency, sex differences, Situational Action Theory
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Journal Justice Quarterly
Weerman, F.M, Bernasco, W, Bruinsma, G.N.J, & Pauwels, L.J.R. (2016). Gender Differences in Delinquency and Situational Action Theory: A Partial Test. Justice Quarterly, 33(7), 1182–1209. doi:10.1080/07418825.2015.1064987