Cultures of long-term unemployment. A sample of 510 residents ages 23-50 of the Rotterdam, Netherlands, district Het Nieuwe Westen, all unemployed 2+ years, were interviewed to estabish a typology of the long-term unemployed in terms of their coping with the issues of labor, time, and money. In an adaptation of Robert K. Merton's analysis of types of adaptation to anomic situations, the following types are identified: conformists, ritualists, retreatists, entrepreneurs, schemers, and autonomes. Mary Douglas's group/grid model (Cultural Bias, Occasional Paper No. 35, London: Royal Anthropological Instit of GB and Ireland, 1978; and Essays in the Sociology of Perception, London, 1982) linking social structure to symbolic structure and to different social practices is used to explain the different adaptations and strategies of the long-term unemployed. Four cultures of unemloyment are characterized: individualistic, fatalistic, conformist, and autonomous. 1 Figure, 44 References. Z. Dubiel

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Amsterdams Sociologisch Tijdschrift

Engbersen, G. (1989). Culturen van langdurige werkloosheid. Amsterdams Sociologisch Tijdschrift, 15(4), 545–575. Retrieved from