Objective To compare the effect of intervention at low vs high threshold of ventriculomegaly in preterm infants with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation on death or severe neurodevelopmental disability. Study design This multicenter randomized controlled trial reviewed lumbar punctures initiated after either a low threshold (ventricular index of >p97 and anterior horn width of >6 mm) or high threshold (ventricular index of >p97 + 4 mm and anterior horn width of >10 mm). The composite adverse outcome was defined as death or cerebral palsy or Bayley composite cognitive/motor scores <–2 SDs at 24 months corrected age. Results Outcomes were assessed in 113 of 126 infants. The composite adverse outcome was seen in 20 of 58 infants (35%) in the low threshold group and 28 of 55 (51%) in the high threshold (P = .07). The low threshold intervention was associated with a decreased risk of an adverse outcome after correcting for gestational age, severity of intraventricular hemorrhage, and cerebellar hemorrhage (aOR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.07-0.87; P = .03). Infants with a favorable outcome had a smaller fronto-occipital horn ratio (crude mean difference, 0.06; 95% CI, 0.09 to 0.03; P < .001) at term-equivalent age. Infants in the low threshold group with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt, had cognitive and motor scores similar to those without (P = .3 for both), whereas in the high threshold group those with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt had significantly lower scores than those without a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (P = .01 and P = .004, respectively). Conclusions In a post hoc analysis, earlier intervention was associated with a lower odds of death or severe neurodevelopmental disability in preterm infants with progressive posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation.

dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.08.014, hdl.handle.net/1765/131361
Journal of Pediatrics
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Cizmeci, M.N., Groenendaal, F, Liem, K.D, van Haastert, IC, Benavente-Fernandez, I., van Straaten, H.L., … de Vries, L.S. (2020). Randomized Controlled Early versus Late Ventricular Intervention Study in Posthemorrhagic Ventricular Dilatation: Outcome at 2 Years. Journal of Pediatrics, 226, 28–2+. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.08.014