Signal Inhibitory Receptor on Leukocytes-1 (SIRL-1) is expressed on human blood monocytes and granulocytes and inhibits myeloid effector functions. On monocytes, but not granulocytes, SIRL-1 expression is low or absent in individuals with the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs612529C. The expression of SIRL-1 in tissue and the influence of rs612529 hereon is currently unknown. Here, we used flow cytometry to determine SIRL-1 expression on immune cells in human blood and three barrier tissues; skin, colon and lung. SIRL-1 was expressed by virtually all neutrophils and eosinophils in these tissues. In contrast, SIRL-1 was not expressed by monocytederived cells in skin and colon, whereas it was highly expressed by lung classical monocytes. Lung monocytes from individuals with a rs612529C allele had decreased SIRL-1 expression, consistent with the genotype association in blood. Within the different monocyte subsets in blood and lung, SIRL-1 expression was highest in classical monocytes and lowest in nonclassical monocytes. SIRL-1 was not expressed by dendritic cells in blood and barrier tissues. Together, these results indicate that SIRL-1 is differentially expressed on phagocyte subsets in blood and barrier tissues, and that its expression on monocytes is genotype- and tissue-specific. Immune regulation of monocytes by SIRL-1 may be of particular importance in the lung

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Cellular Immunology
Department of Dermatology