BACKGROUND: Convincing evidence suggests that atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease. The inflammatory response is an important determinant of atherosclerotic plaque instability. Therefore, we investigated the prognostic impact of key inflammatory players, namely the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP) and the antiinflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10), in patients with acute coronary syndromes. METHODS AND RESULTS: IL-10, CRP, and troponin T were measured at baseline and before discharge in 547 patients enrolled in the placebo group of the c7E3 Anti Platelet Therapy in Unstable Refractory angina (CAPTURE) trial. Death and nonfatal myocardial infarction were recorded during 6-month follow-up. IL-10 levels did not correlate with troponin T concentrations but were inversely correlated with CRP levels (P<0.001). Patients with elevated IL-10 levels (>3.5 pg/mL; n=276) were at significantly lower risk compared with patients with elevated IL-10 levels (hazard ratio, 0.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.25 to 0.76; P=0.002). The predictive value of IL-10 was independent of myocardial necrosis but significantly interacted with CRP levels. CRP-positive patients with IL-10 serum levels above the calculated threshold value of 3.5 pg/mL were protected from the increased cardiac risk of CRP-positive patients with low IL-10 levels (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.10 to 0.63; P=0.003). Moreover, discharge IL-10 levels >2.5 pg/mL were associated with lower cardiac risk during 6-month follow-up (hazard ratio, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.83; P=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated IL-10 serum levels are associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndromes and elevated CRP levels. These data demonstrate the importance of the balance between proinflammatory and antiinflammatory markers as a major determinant of patients' outcome in acute coronary syndromes.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Acute Disease, Angina, Unstable/*diagnosis/mortality, Anti-Inflammatory Agents/blood, Biological Markers/blood, C-Reactive Protein/analysis, Coronary Arteriosclerosis/diagnosis, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Interleukin-10/*blood, Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology, Patient Discharge, Prognosis, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Risk, Syndrome
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000065232.57371.25, hdl.handle.net/1765/13148
Journal Circulation (Baltimore)
Note Epub 2003 Mar 31
Citation
Heeschen, C, Dimmeler, S, Hamm, C.W, Fichtlcherer, S, Boersma, H, Simoons, M.L, & Zeiher, A.M. (2003). Serum level of the antiinflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 is an important prognostic determinant in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Circulation (Baltimore), 107(16), 2109–2114. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000065232.57371.25