Introduction Population-based knowledge on the occurrence of specifc injuries is essential for the allocation of health care services, optimization of preventive measures, and research purposes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine longterm nation-based trends in the incidence rate, trauma mechanism, hospital length of stay (HLOS), treatment, and outcome of hospital-admitted patients with an isolated tibia shaft fracture between 1991 and 2012 in The Netherlands. Methods All hospital-admitted patients in The Netherlands between 1991 and 2012 with an isolated tibia shaft fracture were included. Age and gender-standardized incidence rates were calculated for each year. Data were extracted from the National Medical Registration. Results The incidence rate for men decreased to 13.8/100,000 person years (py). For women the incidence rate remained stable with 7.2/100,000 py. Incidence showed a peak for adolescent men (15–19 years), and increased in both genders from 65 years onwards. Since 1993 the mean HLOS for isolated tibia fractures reduced from 10.8 to 5.4 days. Mean HLOS increased with age. Mean years lived with disability (YLD) was 4.5 years, declined linearly with age, and showed no gender efect. Conclusions In 22 years, the incidence rate of hospital admitted patients with an isolated tibia shaft fracture in The Netherlands dropped with 12%, which was mainly attributable to a 15% decline among men. Incidence rate, trauma mechanism, and HLOS were age and gender related. HLOS also reduced over time. Operation rate and YLD were only age related.

Tibia shaft fracture · Incidence · Trauma mechanism · Hospital length of stay · Treatment · Years lived with disability,
Surgery and Traumatology
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
Department of Surgery

Leliveld, M.S, Polinder, S, Panneman, M.J.M, Verhofstad, M.H.J, & van Lieshout, E.M.M. (2019). Epidemiologic trends for isolated tibia shaft fracture admissions in The Netherlands between 1991 and 2012. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 46(5), 1115–1122. doi:10.1007/s00068-018-01072-3