This article uses a sample of 3076 employees working in the USA to examine the relationship between the frequency of unethical behavior that employees observe in their organization and their intention to whistleblow. The results confirm the expected curvilinear relationship based on the Focus Theory of Normative Conduct. This relationship is a combination of a diminishing negative relationship between the frequency of observed unethical behavior and the intention to whistleblow internally and a linear positive relationship between the frequency of observed unethical behavior and the intention to whistleblow externally. The beliefs of employees about how supportive their management is when handling whistleblowing reports moderates the relationship between the frequency of unethical behavior employees observe and their intention to whistleblow.

Focus theory of normative conduct, Speak-up, Unethical behavior, Voice, Whistleblowing
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-020-04663-6, hdl.handle.net/1765/131733
Journal of Business Ethics
Rotterdam School of Management (RSM), Erasmus University

Kaptein, S.P. (2020). How Much You See Is How You Respond: The Curvilinear Relationship Between the Frequency of Observed Unethical Behavior and The Whistleblowing Intention. Journal of Business Ethics. doi:10.1007/s10551-020-04663-6