Injury incidence and burden in a youth elite football academy: A four-season prospective studyof 551 players aged from under 9 to under 19 years
Objective: Investigate the incidence and burden of injuries by age group in youth football (soccer) academy players during four consecutive seasons. Methods: All injuries that caused time-loss or required medical attention (as per consensus definitions) were prospectively recorded in 551 youth football players from under 9 years to under 19 years. Injury incidence (II) and burden (IB) were calculated as number of injuries per squad season (s-s), as well as for type, location and age groups. Results: A total of 2204 injuries were recorded. 40% (n=882) required medical attention and 60% (n=1322) caused time-loss. The total time-loss was 25 034 days. A squad of 25 players sustained an average of 30 time-loss injuries (TLI) per s-s with an IB of 574 days lost per s-s. Compared with the other age groups, U-16 players had the highest TLI incidence per s-s (95% CI lower-upper): II= 59 (52 to 67); IB=992 days; (963 to 1022) and U-18 players had the greatest burden per s-s: II= 42.1 (36.1 to 49.1); IB= 1408 days (1373 to 1444). Across the cohort of players, contusions (II=7.7/s-s), sprains (II=4.9/s-s) and growth-related injuries (II=4.3/s-s) were the most common TLI. Meniscus/cartilage injuries had the greatest injury severity (95% CI lower-upper): II= 0.4 (0.3 to 0.7),IB= 73 days (22 to 181). The burden (95% CI lower-upper) of physeal fractures (II= 0.8; 0.6 to 1.2;IB= 58 days; 33 to 78) was double than non-physeal fractures. Summary: At this youth football academy, each squad of 25 players averaged 30 injuries per season which resulted in 574 days lost. The highest incidence of TLI occurred in under-16 players, while the highest IB occurred in under-18 players.
|epidemiology, football, injuries, paediatrics, Soccer|
|British Journal of Sports Medicine: an international peer-reviewed journal of sport and exercise medicine|
|Organisation||Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam|
Materne, O. (Olivier), Chamari, K. (Karim), Farooq, A. (Abdulaziz), Weir, A, Hölmich, P, Bahr, R. (Roald), … McNaughton, L.R. (Lars R). (2020). Injury incidence and burden in a youth elite football academy: A four-season prospective studyof 551 players aged from under 9 to under 19 years. British Journal of Sports Medicine: an international peer-reviewed journal of sport and exercise medicine. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2020-102859