Objective To assess barriers and facilitators to de-implementation.

Design A qualitative evidence synthesis with a framework analysis.

Data sources Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and Rx for Change databases until September 2018 were searched.

Eligibility criteria We included studies that primarily focused on identifying factors influencing de-implementation or the continuation of low-value care, and studies describing influencing factors related to the effect of a de-implementation strategy.

Data extraction and synthesis The factors were classified on five levels: individual provider, individual patient, social context, organisational context, economic/political context.

Results We identified 333 factors in 81 articles. Factors related to the individual provider (n=131; 74% barriers, 17% facilitators, 9% both barrier/facilitator) were associated with their attitude (n=72; 55%), knowledge/skills (n=43; 33%), behaviour (n=11; 8%) and provider characteristics (n=5; 4%). Individual patient factors (n=58; 72% barriers, 9% facilitators, 19% both barrier/facilitator) were mainly related to knowledge (n=33; 56%) and attitude (n=13; 22%). Factors related to the social context (n=46; 41% barriers, 48% facilitators, 11% both barrier/facilitator) included mainly professional teams (n=23; 50%) and professional development (n=12; 26%). Frequent factors in the organisational context (n=67; 67% barriers, 25% facilitators, 8% both barrier/facilitator) were available resources (n=28; 41%) and organisational structures and work routines (n=24; 36%). Under the category of economic and political context (n=31; 71% barriers, 13% facilitators, 16% both barrier/facilitator), financial incentives were most common (n=27; 87%).

Conclusions This study provides in-depth insight into the factors within the different (sub)categories that are important in reducing low-value care. This can be used to identify barriers and facilitators in low-value care practices or to stimulate development of strategies that need further refinement. We conclude that multifaceted de-implementation strategies are often necessary for effective reduction of low-value care. Situation-specific knowledge of impeding or facilitating factors across all levels is important for designing tailored de-implementation strategies.

dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040025, hdl.handle.net/1765/131888
BMJ Open
Health Care Governance (HCG)

van Dulmen, SA, Naaktgeboren, CA, Heus, Pauline, Verkerk, EW, Weenink, J-W, Kool, R.B, & Hooft, L. (2020). Barriers and facilitators to reduce low-value care: a qualitative evidence synthesis. BMJ Open, 10(e040025). doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040025