Salmonella spp. infection has shown to have oncogenic transformative effects and thereby increases the risk of certain cancers. For Campylobacter spp., similar effects have been demonstrated. Risk factor identification may allow for timely diagnosis and preventive treatment. To substantiate the oncogenic potential of Salmonella and Campylobacter spp., this study compared the incidence of extrahepatic biliary tract cancer (BTC) in patients with diagnosed Salmonella or Campylobacter spp. infection with BTC incidence in the Netherlands. National infectious diseases surveillance records of patients diagnosed with a laboratory-confirmed Salmonella or Campylobacter spp. infection during 1999–2016 were linked to the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Incidence of BTC in Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. patients was compared to the incidence of BTC in the general population using Standardized Incidence Ratios (SIRs). In total, 16,252 patients were diagnosed with Salmonella spp. and 27,668 with Campylobacter spp. infection. Nine patients developed BTC at a median of 46 months (13–67) after Salmonella spp. infection and seven at a median of 60 months (18–138) after Campylobacter spp. infection. SIR of BTC in salmonellosis patients was 1.53 (95% CI 0.70–2.91). In patients aged <60 years, the SIR was 1.74 (95% CI 0.36–5.04). For campylobacteriosis patients, the SIR was 0.97 (95% CI 0.39–2.00). Even though Salmonella or Campylobacter spp. infection was not significantly associated with increased BTC risk in this cohort, it remains extremely important to study potential risk factors for cancer to facilitate screening and ultimately improve prognosis of cancer patients.

Bacterial infection, Cancer, Epidemiology, Risk factor,
Department of Surgery

Lohman, E.S. (Elise de Savornin), Duijster, J.W, Koerkamp, B.G. (Bas Groot), Van Der Post, R.S, Franz, E. (Eelco), Gras, L.M. (Lapo Mughini), & de Reuver, P.R. (2020). Severe Salmonella spp. Or Campylobacter spp. infection and the risk of biliary tract cancer: A population-based study. Cancers, 12(11), 1–12. doi:10.3390/cancers12113348