Women who experienced a maternal near-miss are at risk of mental health complications and lower quality of life, but long-term consequences are largely unknown. The aim of this study is to assess whether mental health symptoms and quality of life change over time and to examine associations with risk factors among post-partum women. In this cohort study, women with maternal near-miss were matched to women without or with mild complications at Mnazi Mmoja Hospital in Zanzibar. Depressive and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms, and quality of life were measured at three, six, and twelve-months follow-up. A linear mixed-effects model was used for data analysis. Postpartum women in Zanzibar reported low levels of depressive and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. While depressive symptoms and quality of life trajectories were similar among women with and without maternal near-miss, differences for trajectories of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and physical quality of life were found. Social support, perinatal loss, and intercurrent illness were strongly associated with both depressive symptoms and quality of life in this group of Islamic women. These findings suggest that social support, embedded in the cultural context, should be considered in helping women cope with mental health issues in the aftermath of severe maternal complications.

Maternal near-miss, Mental health, Quality of life, Sub-Saharan Africa, Trajectories, Zanzibar
dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239034, hdl.handle.net/1765/132272
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Alemu, S. (Sisay), Herklots, T. (Tanneke), Almansa, J. (Josue), Mbarouk, S. (Shadya), Sulkers, E. (Esther), Stekelenburg, J, … Biesma, R. (Regien). (2020). Mental health and quality of life of women one year after maternal near-miss in low and middle-income countries: The case of zanzibar, Tanzania. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(23), 1–13. doi:10.3390/ijerph17239034