Power Doppler (PD) imaging has become a staple in high frame rate ultrasound imaging due to its ability to image small vessels and slow-moving flows, such as in the case of imaging blood flow in the brain. Alternatively, color Doppler (CD) can be used to determine the one-dimensional directional information of the blood scatterers. This can help determine if the flow is arterial or venous, or distinguish between adjacent flows that have an opposite direction. Current methods for estimating 2D blood velocity vectors rely mostly on trigonometric solutions using synthetic apertures or, large plane-wave angles in transmission and sub-apertures in receive to be able to resolve the 2D vector. Relative to PD or CD techniques, these methods are more computationally expensive and have not been successfully used to image blood flow direction within micrometer sized vasculature. In this paper, we propose to use the orientations of the vessels derived from a directional spatial filter in combination with the CD signal to enhance the PD images with directional information. This approach was tested on simulated data as well as on a 2D image containing brain vasculature of a mouse.

Color Doppler, Doppler, Gabor filter, Power Doppler, Signal Processing, Vector Doppler
dx.doi.org/10.1109/IUS46767.2020.9251356, hdl.handle.net/1765/132755
2020 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2020
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Department of Neuroscience

Generowicz, B. (Bastian), Verhoef, L. (Luuk), Mastik, F, DIjkhuizen, S. (Stephanie), Van Dorp, N. (Nikki), Voorneveld, J.D, … Kruizinga, P. (2020). Vector doppler imaging of small vessels using directionally filtered power doppler images. In IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS. doi:10.1109/IUS46767.2020.9251356