Purpose: Potential drug-drug interactions (pDDIs) may harm patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Due to the patient's critical condition and continuous monitoring on the ICU, not all pDDIs are clinically relevant. Clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) warning for irrelevant pDDIs could result in alert fatigue and overlooking important signals. Therefore, our aim was to describe the frequency of clinically relevant pDDIs (crpDDIs) to enable tailoring of CDSSs to the ICU setting. Materials & methods: In this multicenter retrospective observational study, we used medication administration data to identify pDDIs in ICU admissions from 13 ICUs. Clinical relevance was based on a Delphi study in which intensivists and hospital pharmacists assessed the clinical relevance of pDDIs for the ICU setting. Results: The mean number of pDDIs per 1000 medication administrations was 70.1, dropping to 31.0 when considering only crpDDIs. Of 103,871 ICU patients, 38% was exposed to a crpDDI. The most frequently occurring crpDDIs involve QT-prolonging agents, digoxin, or NSAIDs. Conclusions: Considering clinical relevance of pDDIs in the ICU setting is important, as only half of the detected pDDIs were crpDDIs. Therefore, tailoring CDSSs to the ICU may reduce alert fatigue and improve medication safety in ICU patients.

Clinical decision support, Drug-drug interactions, Intensive care, Medication safety, Patient safety, Pharmacoepidemiology
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2020.11.020, hdl.handle.net/1765/132762
Journal of Critical Care: improving patient care by integrating critical care systems knowledge into practice behavior
Department of Intensive Care

Bakker, T. (Tinka), Abu-Hanna, A, Dongelmans, D.A, Vermeijden, W.J. (Wytze J.), Bosman, R.J. (Rob J.), de Lange, D.W. (Dylan W.), … Wesselink, E. (E.). (2021). Clinically relevant potential drug-drug interactions in intensive care patients: A large retrospective observational multicenter study. Journal of Critical Care: improving patient care by integrating critical care systems knowledge into practice behavior, 62, 124–130. doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2020.11.020