Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the function of the palatal muscles in vivo by real-time wireless electromyography in rats. The effects of palatal wounding were also analyzed. Methods: Microelectrodes were implanted six rats; in the masseter muscle (two-rats) for comparison, in the unwounded soft palate (two-rats) and the soft palate that received a surgical wound (two-rats). Two weeks after implantation, a wound was made in the soft palate using a 1 mm biopsy-punch. Electromyographic measurements and video-recordings were taken weekly to monitor train-duration and peak-amplitude during eating, grooming and drinking. Results: The train-duration of the masseter muscle during eating was 0.49 ± 0.11 s (rat-1) and 0.56 ± 0.09 s (rat-2), which was higher than during grooming. In the unwounded soft palate the train-duration during eating was 0.63 ± 0.12 s (rat-1) and 0.69 ± 0.069 s (rat-2), which was higher than during grooming and drinking. The peak-amplitude for eating in the normal soft palate before surgery was 0.31 ± 0.001 mV (rat-1) and 0.33 ± 0.02 mV (rat-2). This decreased to 0.23 ± 0.03 mV and 0.25 ± 0.11 mV respectively, after surgery. For drinking the peak-amplitude was 0.30 ± 0.01 mV (rat-1) and 0.39 ± 0.01 mV (rat-2) before surgery, which decreased to 0.23 ± 0.09 mV and 0.20 ± 0.14 mV respectively, after surgery. Conclusion: The reduced peak-amplitude suggests impaired soft palate function after wounding. This is the first study into the in vivo function of the soft palate after surgical wounding. This model will contribute to develop strategies to improve soft palate function in patients.

Cleft palate, Electromyography, Method development, Skeletal muscle, Soft palate
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2020.105021, hdl.handle.net/1765/132764
Archives of Oral Biology

Rosero-Salazar, D.H. (Doris H.), Carvajal-Monroy, P.L. (Paola L.), Wagener, F.A.D.T.G. (Frank A.D.T.G.), & von den Hoff, J. (2021). Functional analysis of the rat soft palate by real-time wireless electromyography. Archives of Oral Biology, 122. doi:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2020.105021