Pompe disease is an inherited disorder caused by disease-associated variants in the acid α-glucosidase gene (GAA). The Pompe disease GAA variant database (http://www.pompevariantdatabase.nl) is a curated, open-source, disease-specific database, and lists disease-associated GAA variants, in silico predictions, and clinical phenotypes reported until 2016. Here, we provide an update to include 226 disease-associated variants that were published until 2020. We also listed 148 common GAA sequence variants that do not cause Pompe disease. GAA variants with unknown severity that were identified only in newborn screening programs were listed as a new feature to indicate the reason why phenotypes were still unknown. Expression studies were performed for common missense variants to predict their severity. The updated Pompe disease GAA variant database now includes 648 disease-associated variants, 26 variants from newborn screening, and 237 variants with unknown severity. Regular updates of the Pompe disease GAA variant database will be required to improve genetic counseling and the study of genotype–phenotype relationships.

database, disease-associated variants, GAA, NBS, Pompe disease, SNP
dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.24148, hdl.handle.net/1765/132769
Human Mutation
Department of Pediatrics

de Faria, D.O.S. (Douglas O. S.), in ‘t Groen, S.L.M. (Stijn L. M.), Hoogeveen-Westerveld, M, Niño, M.Y. (Monica Y.), van der Ploeg, A.T, Bergsma, A.J, & Pijnappel, W.W.M.P. (2020). Update of the Pompe variant database for the prediction of clinical phenotypes: Novel disease-associated variants, common sequence variants, and results from newborn screening. Human Mutation. doi:10.1002/humu.24148