This study explores the relationship between national belonging, acquiring citizenship, and migration. Taking high profile examples from international sports events, it seeks to unveil the complexities behind the question: who may represent the nation? The historical models of jus sanguine (blood ties) and jus soli (territorial birthright) are well-known markers and symbols of citizenship and nationality. The study proposes an ideal-type model of thick, thin, and in-between forms of citizenship. This model clarifies and provides direction to the empirical understanding of ‘citizenship as claims-making’, as recently suggested by Bloemraad [(2018).

Citizenship, migration, nationality, identity, sport,
National Identities
Department of History

Oonk, G. (2021). Sport and nationality: towards thick and thin forms of citizenship. National Identities. doi:10.1080/14608944.2020.1815421