This paper investigates three capital structure decisions – leverage, debt maturity and the source of debt – in a simultaneous setting. Moreover, we investigate whether these choices are influenced by the involvement of banks in a firm. Our results based on a panel of Dutch firms show that bank relationships, measured by interlocking board memberships and equity ownership, have a significant impact on the relations among the three capital structure choices. First, less bank involvement strengthens the positive impact of leverage on maturity. This is consistent with the liquidity risk theory, because involved banks help firms to mitigate liquidity risk. Second, bank debt negatively effects leverage in firms with bank interlocks, while this relation is absent in firms without such bank involvement. This result suggests that banks maximize the value of their loans by reducing overall leverage. Third, we find a strong trade-off between bank debt and maturity, which is independent of the degree of bank involvement.

bank relationships, capital structure, debt maturity, financial economics, international economics, source of debt
International Finance: General (jel F30), Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Mortgages (jel G21), Corporate Finance and Governance (jel G3), Financing Policy; Capital and Ownership Structure (jel G32), Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting (jel M), Accounting (jel M41)
ERIM Report Series Research in Management
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

Daniševská, P, de Jong, A, & Verbeek, M.J.C.M. (2004). Do Banks Influence the Capital Structure Choices of Firms? (No. ERS-2004-040-F&A). ERIM Report Series Research in Management. Retrieved from