Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are used for cell-based treatment for canine osteoarthritis (OA). Compared with human MSCs, detailed information on the functional characterisation of canine MSCs is limited. In particular, the chondrogenic differentiation of canine adipose tissue-derived MSCs (cAT-MSCs) is challenging. In this study, we aimed to compare cAT-MSCs with bone marrow-derived MSCs (cBM-MSCs), focusing specifically on their in vitro chondrogenic potential, with or without bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP). cBM-MSCs and cAT-MSCs were characterised using flow cytometry and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The chondrogenic differentiation potential of all cMSC preparations in the presence of TGF-β1 alone or when supplemented with 10, 100, or 250 ng/mL BMP-2 or BMP-6 was investigated using RT-qPCR, and biochemical, histochemical and immunohistological analyses. Both cBM-MSCs and cAT-MSCs expressed the surface markers CD90, CD73, and CD29, and were negative for CD45 and CD34, although the expression of CD73 and CD271 varied with donor and tissue origin. Interestingly, expression of ACAN and SOX9 was higher in cBM-MSCs than cAT-MSCs. In contrast with cBM-MSCs, cAT-MSCs could not differentiate toward the chondrogenic lineage without BMP-2/-6, and their in vitro chondrogenesis was inferior to cBM-MSCs with BMP-2/-6. Thus, cAT-MSCs have lower in vitro chondrogenic capacity than cBM-MSC under the studied culture conditions with 10, 100, or 250 ng/mL BMP-2 or BMP-6. Therefore, further characterisation is necessary to explore the potential of cAT-MSCs for cell-based OA treatments.

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The Veterinary Journal
Department of Orthopaedics

Teunissen, M, Verseijden, F, Riemers, F.M, van Osch, G.J.V.M, & Tryfonidou, M.A. (2021). The lower in vitro chondrogenic potential of canine adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) compared to bone marrow-derived MSC is not improved by BMP-2 or BMP-6. The Veterinary Journal, 269. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2020.105605