Post-cardiotomy extracorporeal life support (PC-ECLS) in adult patients has been used only rarely but recent data have shown a remarkable increase in its use, almost certainly due to improved technology, ease of management, growing familiarity with its capability and decreased costs. Trends in worldwide in-hospital survival, however, rather than improving, have shown a decline in some experiences, likely due to increased use in more complex, critically ill patients rather than to suboptimal management. Nevertheless, PC-ECLS is proving to be a valuable resource for temporary cardiocirculatory and respiratory support in patients who would otherwise most likely die. Because a comprehensive review of PC-ECLS might be of use for the practitioner, and possibly improve patient management in this setting, the authors have attempted to create a concise, comprehensive and relevant analysis of all aspects related to PC-ECLS, with a particular emphasis on indications, technique, management and avoidance of complications, appraisal of new approaches and ethics, education and training.

Cardiac surgery, Consensus statements, Extracorporeal life support, Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, Guidelines, Mechanical support, Postcardiotomy failure,
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

Lorusso, R. (Roberto), Whitman, G. (Glenn), Milojevic, M, Raffa, G. (Giuseppe), McMullan, D.M. (David M.), Boeken, U. (Udo), … D'Alessandro, D.A. (David A.). (2021). 2020 EACTS/ELSO/STS/AATS expert consensus on post-cardiotomy extracorporeal life support in adult patients. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 59(1), 12–53. doi:10.1093/ejcts/ezaa283