Background and Aims: Minimally invasive treatments of anastomotic benign biliary stricture (BBS) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) include endoscopic placement of multiple plastic stents or fully covered selfexpandable metal stents (FCSEMSs). No multiyear efficacy data are available on FCSEMS treatment after OLT. Methods: We prospectively studied long-term efficacy and safety of FCSEMS treatment in adults aged 18 years with past OLT, cholangiographically confirmed BBS, and an indication for ERCP with stent placement. Stent removal was planned after 4 to 6 months, with subsequent follow-up until 5 years or stricture recurrence. Long-term outcomes were freedom from stricture recurrence, freedom from recurrent stent placement, and stent-related serious adverse events (SAEs). Results: In 41 patients, long-term follow-up began after FCSEMS removal (n Z 33) or observation of complete distal migration (CDM) (n Z 8). On an intention-to-treat basis, the 5-year probability of remaining stent-free after FCSEMS removal or observation of CDM was 48.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 33.2%-64.7%) among all patients and 60.9% (95% CI, 43.6%-78.2%) among 31 patients with over 4 months of FCSEMS indwell time. In 28 patients with stricture resolution at FCSEMS removal or observed CDM (median, 5.0 months indwell time), the 5-year probability of no stricture recurrence was 72.6% (95% CI, 55.3%-90%). Sixteen patients (39%) had at least 1 related SAE, most commonly cholangitis (n Z 10). Conclusions: By 5 years after temporary FCSEMS treatment of post-OLT BBS, approximately half of all patients remained stent-free on an intention-to-treat basis. Stent-related SAEs (especially cholangitis) were common. FCSEMS placement is a viable long-term treatment option for patients with post-OLT BBS.,
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Poley, J.-W, Ponchon, T, Puespoek, A., Bruno, M.J, Roy, A, & Peetermans, J. (2020). Fully covered self-expanding metal stents for benign biliary stricture after orthotopic liver transplant: 5-year outcomes. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 92(6), 1216–1224. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2020.04.078