Objectives Arginine vasopressin (AVP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) may contribute to the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia (PE), but their role remains to be elucidated. Our aims were to evaluate the surrogates of AVP and ANP, C-terminal pro-AVP (copeptin) and mid-regional pro-ANP (MR-proANP), as biomarkers for the prediction of PE-related pregnancy complications and whether they are associated with angiogenic markers and/or clinical manifestations of PE. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort study that enrolled pregnant women with suspected or confirmed PE, between December 2013 and April 2016. From each patient, a blood sample was obtained at study entry and serum levels of copeptin, MR-proANP, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) were measured. We evaluated the ability of sFlt-1, PlGF, sFlt-1/PlGF ratio, copeptin and MR-proANP, assessed either alone or combined with traditional predictors (gestational age, parity, diastolic blood pressure and proteinuria), to predict maternal complications and fetal/neonatal complications. Models were compared using concordance statistic (C-index). Results A total of 526 women were evaluated in the study. Women with confirmed PE displayed elevated serum copeptin and MR-proANP levels in comparison to those with suspected PE but no hypertensive disease of pregnancy. When combined with traditional predictors, the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio displayed a higher C-index than copeptin and MR-proANP (0.76, 0.63 and 0.67, respectively, vs 0.60 for the traditional predictors alone) for the prediction of maternal complications. Similarly, for the prediction of fetal/neonatal complications, the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio displayed a higher C-index than copeptin and MR-proANP when added to the traditional model (0.83, 0.79 and 0.80, respectively, vs 0.79 for the traditional predictors alone). When subdividing women according to sFlt-1/PlGF ratio (≥ 85 vs < 85), no differences in copeptin levels were observed, while MR-proANP level was elevated in women with sFlt-1/PlGF ratio ≥ 85. Multiple regression analysis revealed that copeptin and MR-proANP were independent determinants of proteinuria. Conclusions Copeptin and MR-proANP have limited value in predicting PE-related complications when compared with the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio. However, both copeptin and MR-proANP were associated with proteinuria, with copeptin exerting this effect independently of the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio.

doi.org/10.1002/uog.21979, hdl.handle.net/1765/133854
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of General Practice

Neuman, R.I., van Meer, M.M.P., Saleh, L., van den Berg, S.A.A, van den Meiracker, A.H, Danser, A.H.J, & Visser, W.E. (2020). Copeptin and mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide in women with suspected or confirmed pre-eclampsia: comparison with sFlt-1/PlGF ratio. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 56(6), 872–878. doi:10.1002/uog.21979