Introduction: Recently a novel cryoballoon system (POLARx, Boston Scientific) became available for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. This cryoballoon is comparable with Arctic Front Advance Pro (AFA-Pro, Medtronic), however, it maintains a constant balloon pressure. We compared the procedural efficacy and biophysical characteristics of both systems. Methods: One hundred and ten consecutive patients who underwent first-time cryoballoon ablation (POLARx: n = 57; AFA-Pro: n = 53) were included in this prospective cohort study. Results: Acute isolation was achieved in 99.8% of all pulmonary veins (POLARx: 99.5% vs. AFA-Pro: 100%, p = 1.00). Total procedure time (81 vs. 67 min, p <.001) and balloon in body time (51 vs. 35 min, p <.001) were longer with POLARx. After a learning curve, these times were similar. Cryoablation with POLARx was associated with shorter time to balloon temperature −30°C (27 vs. 31 s, p <.001) and −40°C (32 vs. 54 s, p <.001), lower balloon nadir temperature (−55°C vs. −47°C, p <.001), and longer thawing time till 0°C (16 vs. 9 s, p <.001). There were no differences in time-to-isolation (TTI; POLARx: 45 s vs. AFA-Pro 43 s, p =.441), however, POLARx was associated with a lower balloon temperature at TTI (−46°C vs. −37°C, p <.001). Factors associated with acute isolation differed between groups. The incidence of phrenic nerve palsy was comparable (POLARx: 3.5% vs. AFA-Pro: 3.7%). Conclusion: The novel cryoballoon is comparable to AFA-Pro and requires only a short learning curve to get used to the slightly different handling. It was associated with faster cooling rates and lower balloon temperatures but TTI was similar to AFA-Pro.

atrial fibrillation, catheter ablation, cryoablation, cryoballoon, pulmonary vein isolation,
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Department of Cardiology

Yap, S.-C. (Sing-Chien), Anic, A. (Ante), Breskovic, T. (Toni), Haas, A. (Annika), Bhagwandien, R.E, Jurisic, Z. (Zrinka), … Luik, A. (Armin). (2021). Comparison of procedural efficacy and biophysical parameters between two competing cryoballoon technologies for pulmonary vein isolation: Insights from an initial multicenter experience. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology. doi:10.1111/jce.14915